Atviras laiškas dėl elektromagnetinės spinduliuotės neigiamo poveikio sveikatai ir aplinkai

Firmus Medicus -

Atviras laiškas dėl galimos elektromagnetinės spinduliuotės žalos

Atviras laiškas dėl elektromagnetinės spinduliuotėsNepaisant to, jog pripažįstama, kad yra per mažai žinoma apie galimą 5G ryšio žalą, Lietuvoje vis tiek ruošiamasi diegti šią naują technologiją.

Rašome atvirą laišką, reaguojant į birželio 17 dieną Seime įvykusią diskusiją 5G ryšio klausimais, pavadinimu „Penktosios kartos judriojo ryšio (5G) įtaka gyventojų sveikatai ir imunitetui“. Ją surengė Seimo Sveikos gyvensenos komisija, kartu su Seimo Aplinkos apsaugos ir Žmogaus teisių komitetais. Birželio pradžioje Vyriausybė pritarė 5G ryšio plėtros planui, pagal kurį šis judrusis ryšys turėtų būti pradėtas diegti kitais metais. Iki 2022 m. 5G ryšys turėtų būti pradėtas tiekti viename iš penkių didžiausių Lietuvos miestų, o iki 2025 m. planuojama šiuo ryšiu padengti visas miestų teritorijas ir svarbiausius sausumos transporto koridorius, tačiau SAM Visuomenės skyriaus vedėja Irena Taraškevičienė pripažino:

Apie 5G ryšį trūksta informacijos, todėl suprantamas žmonių nerimas. Niekas negali pasakyti, koks yra tikrasis jo poveikis. PSO irgi akcentuoja, kad žinių trūksta, nes ryšys neveikia tokia apimtimi, kad būtų juntami pokyčiai.

Tačiau formuojama viešoji nuomonė, kad nėra jokių mokslu pagrįstų įrodymų apie nejonizuojančios elektromagnetinės spinduliuotės galimą žalingą poveikį, todėl asociacija „Firmus medicus“ parengė atvirą laišką ir taip pat kreipsis į Lietuvos mokslo tarybą, Seimo narius, Sveikatos apsaugos ministeriją ir kitas atitinkamas institucijas, norint gauti atsakymus į iškilusius klausimus.

ICNIRP kritikuojama dėl abejotinos savo veiklos elektromagnetinės spinduliuotės saugos klausimais

Abejotina ICNIRP veiklaICNIRP jau ne vienerius metus yra kritikuojama dėl savo neveiksnumo elektromagnetinės spinduliuotės klausimais bei glaudaus ryšio su belaidžių technologijų pramone.

Du Europos Parlamento nariai, Klaus Buchner[1] ir Michele Rivasi[2] paskelbė ataskaitą, kurioje kritiškai analizuojama ICNIRP – Tarptautinės apsaugos nuo nejonizuojančiosios spinduliuotės komisijos – kompetencija ir nepriklausomumas. Pranešimas buvo pristatytas pavadinimu „Tarptautinė apsaugos nuo nejonizuojančiosios spinduliuotės komisija: interesų konfliktai, korporacinis užgrobimas ir 5G ryšio stūmimas“.[3]

Šie parlamentarai nėra pirmieji, kurie pradėjo kritikuoti ICNIRP. Komisija ne vienerius metus sulaukia įvairių neigiamų atsiliepimų ir abejojimų dėl jos siūlomų gairių tikslumo.[4] ICNIRP ne kartą buvo kritikuojama už tai, kad ignoruoja visus mokslinius tyrimus, kurie įrodo elektromagnetinės spinduliuotės galimą neterminį poveikį, o jos artimas ryšys su telekomunikacijų pramone verčia abejoti šios komisijos objektyvumu apskritai. ICNIRP atmeta Nacionalinės toksikologijos programos (NTP) ataskaitą, nepaisant to, jog ji yra brangiausia ir oficialiausia iš kada nors atliktų. NTP 2018 metų išvados priklauso JAV Sveikatos departamentui. Jų mokslininkai atliko dešimties metų trukmės graužikų tyrimą, kuris kainavo 30 milijonų JAV dolerių. Jie priėjo prie išvados, jog rado „aiškių įrodymų“, kad egzistuoja ryšys tarp mobiliųjų telefonų skleidžiamos spinduliuotės ir vėžio. Tyrimas atskleidė ne tik aiškius širdies navikų ir DNR pažeidimų įrodymus, bet ir histopatologinius širdies pokyčius, primenančius senėjimą. Tai atitinka toksišką oksidacinį poveikį, pastebėtą laboratorinių tyrimų metu.[5]

Tarptautinė vėžio tyrimų agentūra (IARC), priklausanti Pasaulio sveikatos organizacijai, 2011 m. priskyrė nejonizuojančią spinduliuotę iš mobiliųjų telefonų ir kitų belaidžių prietaisų prie 2B klasės galimų kancerogenų, daugiausiai pagrįsdami tokį žingsnį remiantis smegenų navikų tyrimais. Atsižvelgiant į vis didėjančias naujų mokslinių tyrimų apimtis, tyrėjai paragino pakeisti IARC belaidžio radijo dažnio klasifikaciją iš galimo 2B klasės kancerogeno į 1 klasės kancerogeną.[6]

Kitos šalys pripažįsta, jog reikia atlikti daugiau tyrimų ir laikosi atsargumo principo

Kitos šalys stabdo naują technologijąĮvairios šalys pripažįsta, jog trūksta mokslinių duomenų apie 5G ir todėl stabdo šio ryšio diegimą.

Šveicarijoje taikomas atsargumo principas. Ši šalis turi savo atskiras spinduliuotės normas, kurios yra žymiai griežtesnės nei daugumoje Europos valstybių. Šveicarijos aplinkos apsaugos agentūra (BAFU) perspėjo[7] apie nežinomą pavojų visuomenės sveikatai, susijusį su „elektrosmogu“, atsirandančiu dėl padidėjusios mobiliųjų telefonų skleidžiamos elektromagnetinių bangų spinduliuotės. Šią problemą išnagrinėjusi[8] darbo grupė nesugebėjo susitarti dėl bendrų rekomendacijų. Šveicarijos parlamentas du kartus atsisakė sušvelninti spinduliuotės poveikio ribas. 

Slovėnijoje buvo sustabdytas 5G ryšio diegimas,[9] valdžios atstovams pareiškus, jog reikia daugiau laiko, kad būtų ištirtas galimas šios naujos technologijos poveikis sveikatai. Ministras Rudi Medved laiške[10] teigė, jog jie atnaujins diskusijas apie galimą 5G ryšio pavojų sveikatai ir informuos visuomenę apie visus su tuo susijusius klausimus. Slovėnijos ministras Rudi Medved sakė:[11]

5G technologija dar nebuvo taip nusistovėjusi praktikoje, kad tyrimai galėtų duoti rezultatus, kuriais remiantis būtų galima užtikrintai teigti, jog 5G ryšys yra visiškai nekenksmingas.

Sprendimas sustabdyti 5G diegimą Slovėnijoje buvo priimtas po to, kai Viešojo administravimo ministerija suorganizavo konsultacijas, dėl 5G technologijos saugumo, drauge su neideologinės politinės partijos „Dėl visuomenės sveikatos“ prezidentu Gregor Kos ir Igor Šajn iš ekologinių konsultacijų organizacijos „Biologija ir statyba“. Susitikimas truko 6 valandas, nors buvo planuota, jog vyks 4 val. Kaip rašo „Oasi Sana“, Slovėnijos partija pranešė apie priimtus sprendimus:

Draudimas naudoti WiFi technologiją vaikų darželiuose, mokyklose, ligoninėse, slaugos namuose ir, antrajame etape, visose valstybinėse įstaigose. 5G įdiegimo moratoriumas, pagrįstas atsargumo principu, atsižvelgus į pakankamus mokslinius tyrimus, įrodančius neigiamą elektromagnetinės spinduliuotės poveikį žmonių sveikatai, gamtai ir aplinkai.

Dėl galimo kenksmingo elektromagnetinės spinduliuotės poveikio, apie kurį kalba Europos Parlamento nariai, Šveicarija, Slovėnija, IARC, NTP ir kiti, surinkta daugiau nei 300 mokslinių tyrimų, kurie yra publikuojami aukščiausio lygio recenzuojamuose moksliniuose žurnaluose „Web of Science“ („Clarivate Analytics“). „Web of Science“ („Clarivate Analytics“) – citavimo informacijos duomenų bazė, į kurią įeina Science Citation Index Expanded, Social Science Citation Index, Arts & Humanities Citation Index, Conference Proceeding Citation Index – Science Edition & Social Science & Humanities Edition. Prieinami duomenys nuo 1990 m. „Clarivate“ yra pasaulinė lyderė, teikianti patikimas įžvalgas ir analizę, siekiant paspartinti inovacijų tempą. Vizija – tobulinti pasaulį, kuriant, saugant ir skleidžiant naujoves. Norint tai pasiekti, visur pateikiami svarbūs duomenys, informacija, darbo eigos sprendimai ir gilios domenų žinios. „Clarivate“ yra patikimas, nepakeičiamas pasaulinis partneris savo klientams, įskaitant universitetus, ne pelno siekiančias organizacijas, finansavimo organizacijas, leidėjus, korporacijas, vyriausybines organizacijas ir advokatų kontoras. 

Taigi, žinant aukščiau išvardintus faktus ir taip pat žinant, kad higienos normos remiasi tik terminiu poveikiu, o neterminis poveikis yra ignoruojamas, nors ir yra ne mažiau pavojingas, norime gauti mokslu pagrįstus atsakymus į pagrįstai keliamus klausimus. 

Klausimai, į kuriuos norime gauti atsakymus:

  1. Ar elektromagnetinė spinduliuotė gali turėti neigiamą poveikį žmogaus reprodukcinei sistemai?
  2. Ar elektromagnetinė spinduliuotė gali sukelti oksidacinį stresą?
  3. Ar elektromagnetinė spinduliuotė klasifikuojama tam tikrai kancerogenų grupei ir gali sukelti vėžinius susirgimus?
  4. Ar elektromagnetinė spinduliuotė daro neigiamą įtaką aplinkai, vabzdžiams ir paukščiams?
  5. Ar elektromagnetinė spinduliuotė daro neigiamą poveikį širdžiai ir gali sukelti pažeidimus ląsteliniame lygyje? 

Daugiau nei 300 mokslinių elektromagnetinės spinduliuotės tyrimų

Čia galite atsisiųsti pilną elektromagnetinės spinduliuotės tyrimų sąrašą PDF formatu: sąrašas.

Tyrimai, kuriuose analizuojamas neigiamas elektromagnetinės spinduliuotės poveikis žmogaus reprodukcinei sistemai

  1. Chen H, Qu Z, Liu W. Effects of Simulated Mobile Phone Electromagnetic Radiation on Fertilization and Embryo Development. Fetal and Pediatric Pathology Volume 36, Issue 2, 2017
  2. Simon L, Murphy K, Shamsi MB1, Liu L1, Emery B1, Aston KI, Hotaling J, Carrell DT. Paternal influence of sperm DNA integrity on early embryonic development. Human Reproduction Volume 29, Issue 11, November 2014
  3. Liu W, Zheng X, Qu Z, Zhang M, Zhou C, Ma L, Zhang Y. Effect of 935-MHz phone-simulating electromagnetic radiation on endometrial glandular cells during mouse embryo implantation. Journal of Huazhong University of Science and Technology [Medical Sciences] Volume 32, pages 755–759, 2012
  4. Panagopoulos DJ, Chavdoula ED, Nezis IP, Margaritis LH. Cell death induced by GSM 900-MHz and DCS 1800-MHz mobile telephony radiation. Mutation Research Genetic Toxicology and Environmental Mutagenesis Volume 626, Issues 1-2, Pages 69-78, 10 January 2007
  5. Magras IN, Xenos TD. RF radiation-induced changes in the prenatal development of mice. Bioelectromagnetics Volume 18, Issue 6, Pages 455-461, 1997
  6. Ermioni Tsarna, Marije Reedijk, Laura Ellen Birks, Mònica Guxens, Ferran Ballester, Mina Ha, Ana Jiménez-Zabala, Leeka Kheifets, et. al. Associations of Maternal Cell-Phone Use During Pregnancy With Pregnancy Duration and Fetal Growth in 4 Birth Cohorts. American Journal of Epidemiology Volume 188, Issue 7, July 2019
  7. Col-Araz N. Evaluation of factors affecting birth weight and preterm birth in southern Turkey. Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association Volume 63, Issue 4, April 2013
  8. De-Kun Li, Hong Chen, Jeannette R. Ferber, Roxana Odouli, and Charles Quesenberry. Exposure to Magnetic Field Non-Ionizing Radiation and the Risk of Miscarriage: A Prospective Cohort Study. Scientific Reports, Volume ‏ 13 December 2017, Article Number 17541
  9. Mustafa Saygin, Ozlem Ozmen, Onur Erol, et. al. The impact of electromagnetic radiation (2.45 GHz, Wi-Fi) on the female reproductive system: The role of vitamin C. Toxicology and Industrial Health Volume ‏ 34, Issue ‏9, Pages ‏ 620-630, September 2018
  10. Ali S.H. Alchalabi, Hasliza Rahim, Erkihun Aklilu, Imad I.Al-Sultan, et. al. Histopathological changes associated with oxidative stress induced by electromagnetic waves in rats' ovarian and uterine tissues. Asian Pacific Journal of Reproduction Volume 5, Issue 4, July 2016, Pages 301-310
  11. Boga A, Emre M, Sertdemir Y, Uncu İ, Binokay S, Demirhan O. Effects of GSM-like radiofrequency irradiation during the oogenesis and spermiogenesis of Xenopus laevis. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety Volume 129, July 2016, Pages 137-144
  12. Türedi S, Hancı H, Çolakoğlu S, Kaya H, Odacı E. Disruption of the ovarian follicle reservoir of prepubertal rats following prenatal exposure to a continuous 900-MHz electromagnetic field. International Journal of Radiation Biology Volume 92, Issue 6, 2016
  13. Murat Bakacak, Mehmet Sühha Bostancı, Rukset Attar, et. al. The effects of electromagnetic fields on the number of ovarian primordial follicles: An experimental study.  The Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences Volume 31, Issue 6, Pages 287-292, June 2015
  14. Margaritis LH, Manta AK, Kokkaliaris KD, Schiza D, Alimisis K, Barkas G, Georgiou E, Giannakopoulou O, Kollia I, Kontogianni G, Kourouzidou A, Myari A, Roumelioti F, Skouroliakou A, Sykioti V, Varda G, Xenos K, Ziomas K. Drosophila oogenesis as a bio-marker responding to EMF sources. Electromagnetic Biology and Medicine Volume 33, Issue 3, 2014 
  15. Dimitris J. Panagopoulos. Effect of Microwave Exposure on the Ovarian Development of Drosophila melanogaster. Cell biochemistry and biophysics Volume ‏ 63, Issue ‏ , 2Pages ‏ 121-132,‏ June 2012
  16. Rajeev Singh, Ravindra Nath, Ajit Kumar Mathur, Radhey Shyam Sharma. Effect of radiofrequency radiation on reproductive health. Indian Journal of Medical Research, Volume 148, Issue 7, Page 92-99, December 2018
  17. Myung Chan Gye, Chan Jin Park. Effect of electromagnetic field exposure on the reproductive system. Clinical and Experimental Reproductive Medicine – CERM. March 31 2012
  18. Kesari KK, Agarwal A, Henkel R. Radiations and male fertility. Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology Volume ‏ 16, Article Number 118, December 9 2018
  19. Hagai Levine, Niels Jørgensen, Anderson Martino-Andrade, Jaime Mendiola, Dan Weksler-Derri, Irina Mindlis, Rachel Pinotti, Shanna H Swan. Temporal trends in sperm count: a systematic review and meta-regression analysis. Human Reproduction Update Volume 23, Issue 6, November-December 2017
  20. Adams JA, Galloway TS, Mondal D, Esteves SC, Mathews F. Effect of mobile telephones on sperm quality: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Environment International Volume 70, September 2014, Pages 106-112
  21. Liu K, Li Y, Zhang G, Liu J, Cao J, Ao L, Zhang S. Association between mobile phone use and semen quality: a systemic review and meta-analysis. Andrology Volume 2, Issue 4, Pages ‏ 491-501‏, July 2014
  22. La Vignera S, Condorelli RA, Vicari E, D'Agata R, Calogero AE. Effects of the exposure to mobile phones on male reproduction: a review of the literature. Journal of Andrology Volume 33, Issue 3 , Pages 350-356, May‐June 2012
  23. Çetkin M, Kızılkan N, Demirel C, Bozdağ Z, Erkılıç S, Erbağcı H. Quantitative changes in testicular structure and function in rat exposed to mobile phone radiation. Andrologia Volume 49, Issue 10, December 2017
  24. Akdag MZ, Dasdag S, Canturk F, Karabulut D, Caner Y, Adalier N. Does prolonged radiofrequency radiation emitted from Wi-Fi devices induce DNA damage in various tissues of rats? Journal of Chemical Neuroanatomy Volume 75, Part B, Pages 116-122, September 2016
  25. Ola Faris Al-Quzwini, Hanan A.A l-Taee, Suhaila F. Al-Shaikh. Male fertility and its association with occupational and mobile phone towers hazards: An analytic study. Middle East Fertility Society Journal Volume 21, Issue 4, December 2016, Pages 236-240
  26. Lewis RC, Mínguez-Alarcón L, Meeker JD, Williams PL, Mezei G, Ford JB, Hauser R; EARTH Study Team. Self-reported mobile phone use and semen parameters among men from a fertility clinic. Reproductive Toxicology Volume 67, Pages 42-47, January 2017
  27. Setsu Nakatani‐Enomoto, Miho Okutsu, Satoshi Suzuki, Ryota Suganuma, Stefan Jun Groiss, Suguru Kadowaki, Hiroyuki Enomoto, Keiya Fujimori, Yoshikazu Ugawa. Effects of 1950 MHz W‐CDMA‐like signal on human spermatozoa. Bio Electro Magnetics Volume 37, Issue 6, Pages 373-381, September 2016 
  28. Pandey N, Giri S, Das S, Upadhaya P. Radiofrequency radiation (900 MHz)-induced DNA damage and cell cycle arrest in testicular germ cells in swiss albino mice. Toxicology and Industrial Health Volume 33, Issue 4, 2017
  29. M Radwan, J Jurewicz, D Merecz-Kot, W Sobala, P Radwan, M Bochenek & W Hanke. Sperm DNA damage—the effect of stress and everyday life factors. International Journal of Impotence Research Volume 28, Issue 4, Pages ‏ 148-154‏, July-August 2016
  30. Zhang G, Yan H, Chen Q, Liu K, Ling X, Sun L, Zhou N, Wang Z, Zou P, Wang X, Tan L, Cui Z, Zhou Z, Liu J, Ao L, Cao J. Effects of cell phone use on semen parameters: Results from the MARHCS cohort study in Chongqing, China. Environment International Volume 91, Pages 116-121, May 2016
  31. Mashael Mohammed Bin-Meferij, Attalla Farag El-kott. The radioprotective effects of Moringa oleifera against mobile phone electromagnetic radiation-induced infertility in rats. International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Medicine Volume 8, Issue 8, Pages 12487-12497, 2015
  32. Dasdag S, Taş M, Akdag MZ, Yegin K. Effect of long-term exposure of 2.4 GHz radiofrequency radiation emitted from Wi-Fi equipment on testes functions. Electromagnetic Biology and Medicine Volume 34, Issue 1, 2015
  33. Sokolovic D, Djordjevic B, Kocic G, Stoimenov TJ, Stanojkovic Z, Sokolovic DM, Veljkovic A, Ristic G, Despotovic M, Milisavljevic D, Jankovic R, Binic I. The Effects of Melatonin on Oxidative Stress Parameters and DNA Fragmentation in Testicular Tissue of Rats Exposed to Microwave Radiation. Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine Volume 24, Issue 3, Pages 429-436, May-June 2015
  34. Liu Q, Si T, Xu X, Liang F, Wang L, Pan S. Electromagnetic radiation at 900 MHz induces sperm apoptosis through bcl-2, bax and caspase-3 signaling pathways in rats. Reproductive Health Volume 12, Article Number 65, August 4 2015
  35. Odacı E, Özyılmaz C. Exposure to a 900 MHz electromagnetic field for 1 hour a day over 30 days does change the histopathology and biochemistry of the rat testis. International Journal of Radiation Biology Volume 91, Issue 7, 2015 
  36. Odacı E, Hancı H, Yuluğ E, Türedi S, Aliyazıcıoğlu Y, Kaya H, Çolakoğlu S. Effects of prenatal exposure to a 900 MHz electromagnetic field on 60-day-old rat testis and epididymal sperm quality. Biotechnic & Histochemistry Volume 91, Issue 1, 2016
  37. Saeed Shokri, Aiob Soltani, Mahsa Kazemi, Dariush Sardari, Farshid Babapoor Mofrad. Effects of Wi-Fi (2.45 GHz) Exposure on Apoptosis, Sperm Parameters and Testicular Histomorphometry in Rats: A Time Course Study. Cell Journal Volume 17, Issue 2, Pages 322-331, 2015
  38. Wang Z, Fei Y, Liu H, Zheng S, Ding Z, Jin W, Pan Y, Chen Z, Wang L, Chen G, Xu Z, Zhu Y, Yu Y. Effects of electromagnetic fields exposure on plasma hormonal and inflammatory pathway biomarkers in male workers of a power plant. International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health Volume 89, Issue 1, Pages 33-42, January 2016
  39. Zilberlicht A, Wiener-Megnazi Z, Sheinfeld Y, Grach B, Lahav-Baratz S, Dirnfeld M. Habits of cell phone usage and sperm quality – does it warrant attention? Reproductive BioMedicine Online Volume 31, Issue 3, September 2015, Pages 421-426
  40. Tas M, Dasdag S, Akdag MZ, Cirit U, Yegin K, Seker U, Ozmen MF, Eren LB. Long-term effects of 900 MHz radiofrequency radiation emitted from mobile phone on testicular tissue and epididymal semen quality. Electromagnetic Biology and Medicine Volume 33, Issue 3, 2014
  41. Liu K, Zhang G, Wang Z, Liu Y, Dong J, Dong X, Liu J, Cao J, Ao L, Zhang S. The protective effect of autophagy on mouse spermatocyte derived cells exposure to 1800MHz radiofrequency electromagnetic radiation. Toxicology Letters Volume 228, Issue 3, Pages 216-224, 4 August 2014
  42. Atasoy HI, Gunal MY, Atasoy P, Elgun S, Bugdayci G. Immunohistopathologic demonstration of deleterious effects on growing rat testes of radiofrequency waves emitted from conventional Wi-Fi devices. Journal of Pediatric Urology, Volume 9, Issue 2, Pages 223-229, April 2013
  43. Jelodar G, Nazifi S, Akbari A. The prophylactic effect of vitamin C on induced oxidative stress in rat testis following exposure to 900 MHz radio frequency wave generated by a BTS antenna model. Electromagnetic Biology and Medicine Volume 32, Issue 3, 2013
  44. Kesari KK, Kumar S, Nirala J, Siddiqui MH, Behari J. Biophysical evaluation of radiofrequency electromagnetic field effects on male reproductive pattern. Cell Biochemistry and Biophysics Volume 65, Pages 85–96, 2013
  45. Liu C, Duan W, Xu S, Chen C, He M, Zhang L, Yu Z, Zhou Z. Exposure to 1800 MHz radiofrequency electromagnetic radiation induces oxidative DNA base damage in a mouse spermatocyte-derived cell line. Toxicology Letters Volume 218, Issue 1, Pages 2-9, 27 March 2013
  46. Liu C, Gao P, Xu SC, Wang Y, Chen CH, He MD, Yu ZP, Zhang L, Zhou Z. Mobile phone radiation induces mode-dependent DNA damage in a mouse spermatocyte-derived cell line: a protective role of melatonin. International Journal of Radiation Biology Volume 89, Issue 11, 2013
  47. Nazıroğlu M, Yüksel M, Köse SA, Özkaya MO. Recent reports of Wi-Fi and mobile phone-induced radiation on oxidative stress and reproductive signaling pathways in females and males. The Journal of Membrane Biology Volume 246, Pages 869–875, 2013
  48. Avci B, Akar A, Bilgici B, Tunçel ÖK. Oxidative stress induced by 1.8 GHz radio frequency electromagnetic radiation and effects of garlic extract in rats. International Journal of Radiation Biology Volume 88, Issue 11, 2012
  49. Kesari KK, Behari J. Evidence for mobile phone radiation exposure effects on reproductive pattern of male rats: role of ROS. Electromagnetic Biology and Medicine Volume 31, Issue 3, 2012
  50. Agarwal A, Singh A, Hamada A, Kesari K. Cell phones and male infertility: a review of recent innovations in technology and consequences. International braz j urol Vol 37, No 4 Rio de Janeiro, July-August 2011
  51. Kesari KK, Kumar S, Behari J. Effects of radiofrequency electromagnetic wave exposure from cellular phones on the reproductive pattern in male Wistar rats. Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology Volume 164, Pages 546–559, 2011
  52. Mary Redmayne, Euan Smith, Michael J. Abramson. Adolescent in-school cellphone habits: A census of rules, survey of their effectiveness, and fertility implications. Reproductive Toxicology Volume 32, Issue 3, Pages 354-359, November 2011
  53.  Kesari KK, Behari J. Microwave exposure affecting reproductive system in male rats. Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology Volume 162, Pages 416–428, 2010
  54. Agarwal A, Desai NR, Makker K, Varghese A, Mouradi R, Sabanegh E, Sharma R. Effects of radiofrequency electromagnetic waves (RF-EMW) from cellular phones on human ejaculated semen: an in vitro pilot study. Fertility and Sterility, Volume 92, Issue 4, Pages 1318-1325, 2009-10-01
  55. Agarwal A, Deepinder F, Sharma RK, Ranga G, Li J. Effect of cell phone usage on semen analysis in men attending infertility clinic: an observational study. Fertility and Sterility, Volume 89, Issue 1, Pages 124-128, 2008-01-01
  56. Deepinder F, Makker K, Agarwal A. Cell phones and male infertility: dissecting the relationship. Reproductive BioMedicine Online Volume 15, Issue 3, Pages 266-270, 2007
  57. Yan JG, Agresti M, Bruce T, Yan YH, Granlund A, Matloub HS. Effects of cellular phone emissions on sperm motility in rats. Fertility and Sterility Volume 88, Issue 4, Pages 957-964, 2007-10-01

Belaidės radijo dažnių spinduliuotės biologinio ir ląstelinio mechanizmo tyrimai

  1. Shin Koyama, Eijiro Narita, Yoko Shimizu, Yukihisa Suzuki, Takeo Shiina, Masao Taki, Naoki Shinohara, Junji Miyakoshi. Effects of Long-Term Exposure to 60 GHz Millimeter-Wavelength Radiation on the Genotoxicity and Heat Shock Protein (Hsp) Expression of Cells Derived from Human Eye. Environmental Research and Public Health Volume 13, Issue 8, Article Number 802, August 2016
  2. Yakymenko I, Tsybulin O, Sidorik E, Henshel D, Kyrylenko O, Kyrylenko S. Oxidative mechanisms of biological activity of low-intensity radiofrequency radiation. Electromagnetic Biology and Medicine Volume 35, Issue 2, 2016
  3. Robert J. Usselman, Iain Hill, David J. Singel, Carlos F. Martino. Spin Biochemistry Modulates Reactive Oxygen Species (ROS) Production by Radio Frequency Magnetic Fields. Plos One Volume 9, Issue 6, Article Number e93065, March 28 2014
  4. Belpomme D, Campagnac C, Irigaray P. Reliable disease biomarkers characterizing and identifying electrohypersensitivity and multiple chemical sensitivity as two etiopathogenic aspects of a unique pathological disorder. Reviews on Environmental Health Volume 30, Issue 4, 27 November 2015
  5. Pall ML. Scientific evidence contradicts findings and assumptions of Canadian Safety Panel 6: microwaves act through voltage-gated calcium channel activation to induce biological impacts at non-thermal levels, supporting a paradigm shift for microwave/lower freque. Reviews on Environmental Health Volume 30, Issue 2, 16 April 2015
  6. Pall ML. Microwave frequency electromagnetic fields (EMFs) produce widespread neuropsychiatric effects including depression. Journal of Chemical Neuroanatomy Volume 75, Part B, Pages 43-51, September 2016
  7. Martin L Pall. Electromagnetic fields act via activation of voltage-gated calcium channels to produce beneficial or adverse effects. Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine Volume 17, Issue 8, Pages 958-965, August 2013
  8. Torgomyan H, Trchounian A. Bactericidal effects of low-intensity extremely high frequency electromagnetic field: an overview with phenomenon, mechanisms, targets and consequences. Critical Reviews in Microbiology Volume 39, Issue 1, 2013
  9. Pilla AA. Nonthermal electromagnetic fields: from first messenger to therapeutic applications. Electromagnetic Biology and Medicine Volume 32, Issue 2, 2013
  10. Pilla AA. Electromagnetic fields instantaneously modulate nitric oxide signaling in challenged biological systems. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications Volume 426, Issue 3, Pages 330-333, 28 September 2012
  11. Kesari KK, Kumar S, Behari J. Pathophysiology of microwave radiation: effect on rat brain. Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology Volume 166, Pages 379–388, 2012
  12. Ney M, Abdulhalim I. Modeling of reflectometric and ellipsometric spectra from the skin in the terahertz and submillimeter waves region. Journal of Biomedical Optics Volume 16, Issue 6, Article Number 067006, 2011
  13. Pilla A, Fitzsimmons R, Muehsam D, Wu J, Rohde C, Casper D. Electromagnetic fields as first messenger in biological signaling: Application to calmodulin-dependent signaling in tissue repair. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) – General Subjects Volume 1810, Issue 12, Pages 1236-1245 December 2011
  14. Patruno A, Amerio P, Pesce M, Vianale G, Di Luzio S, Tulli A, Franceschelli S, Grilli A, Muraro R, Reale M. Extremely low frequency electromagnetic fields modulate expression of inducible nitric oxide synthase, endothelial nitric oxide synthase and cyclooxygenase-2 in the human keratinocyte cell line HaCat: potential therapeutic effects in wound healing. British Journal of Dermatology Volume 162, Issue 2, Pages 258-266, February 2010
  15. Friedman J, Kraus S, Hauptman Y, Schiff Y, Seger R. Mechanism of short-term ERK activation by electromagnetic fields at mobile phone frequencies. Biochemical Journal Volume 405, Issue 3, August 2007
  16. Lin JC, Wang Z. Hearing of microwave pulses by humans and animals: effects, mechanism, and thresholds. Health Physics Volume 92, Issue 6, Pages 621-628, June 2007
  17. Funk RH, Monsees TK. Effects of electromagnetic fields on cells: physiological and therapeutical approaches and molecular mechanisms of interaction. A review. Cells Tissues Organs Volume 182, Issue 2, Pages 59–78, 2006
  18. Blank M, Goodman R. Initial interactions in electromagnetic field-induced biosynthesis. Journal of Cellular Physiology Volume 235, Issue 9, Pages 6218-6229, September 2019
  19. Frei MR, Jauchem JR, Padilla JM. Effects of field orientation during 700-MHz radiofrequency irradiation of rats. Physiological Chemistry and Physics and Medical NMR Volume 21, Issue 1, Pages 65-72, 1989
  20. Alkis ME, Bilgin HM, Akpolat V, Dasdag S, Yegin K, Yavas MC, Akdag MZ. Effect of 900-, 1800-, and 2100-MHz radiofrequency radiation on DNA and oxidative stress in brain. Electromagnetic Biology and Medicine Volume 38, Issue 1, 2019
  21. Kalanjati VP, Purwantari KE, Prasetiowati L. Aluminium foil dampened the adverse effect of 2100 MHz mobile phone-induced radiation on the blood parameters and myocardium in rats. Environmental Science and Pollution Research Volume 26, Pages 11686–11689, 2019
  22. Marjanovic Cermak AM, Pavicic I, Trosic I. Oxidative stress response in SH-SY5Y cells exposed to short-term 1800 MHz radiofrequency radiation. Journal of Environmental Science and Health Part a Toxic Hazardous Substances Environmental Engineering Volume 53, Issue 2, 2018
  23. Santini SJ, Cordone V, Falone S, Mijit M, Tatone C, Amicarelli F, Di Emidio G. Role of Mitochondria in the Oxidative Stress Induced by Electromagnetic Fields: Focus on Reproductive Systems. Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity Volume 2018, Article Number 5076271 November 2018
  24. Tomás Alejandro Fregoso Aguilar, Brenda Carolina Hernández Navarro and Jorge Alberto Mendoza Pérez. Endogenous Antioxidants: A Review of their Role in Oxidative Stress. Intech, December 21 2016
  25. Cristani M, Speciale A, Saija A, Gangemi S, Minciullo PL, Cimino F. Circulating Advanced Oxidation Protein Products as Oxidative Stress Biomarkers and Progression Mediators in Pathological Conditions Related to Inflammation and Immune Dysregulation. Current Medicinal Chemistry Volume 23, Issue 34, 2016
  26. Robert J. Usselman, Cristina Chavarriaga, Pablo R. Castello, Maria Procopio, Thorsten Ritz, Edward A. Dratz, David J. Singel & Carlos F. Martino. The Quantum Biology of Reactive Oxygen Species Partitioning Impacts Cellular Bioenergetics. Scientific Research Volume 6, Article Number 38543, 2016
  27. Aboul Ezz HS, Khadrawy YA, Mourad IM. The effect of bisphenol A on some oxidative stress parameters and acetylcholinesterase activity in the heart of male albino rats. Cytotechnology Volume 67, Pages 145–155, 2015
  28. Valko M, Jomova K, Rhodes CJ, Kuča K, Musílek K. Redox- and non-redox-metal-induced formation of free radicals and their role in human disease. Archives of Toxicology Volume 90, Pages 1–37, 2016
  29. Al-Gubory KH. Environmental pollutants and lifestyle factors induce oxidative stress and poor prenatal development. Reproductive BioMedicine Online Volume 29, Issue 1, Pages 17-31 July 2014
  30. Vida C, González EM, De la Fuente M. Increase of oxidation and inflammation in nervous and immune systems with aging and anxiety. Current Pharmaceutical Design Volume 20, Issue 29, 2014
  31. Jomova K, Valko M. Advances in metal-induced oxidative stress and human disease. Toxicology Volume 283, Issues 2–3, Pages 65-87, 10 May 2011
  32. Hybertson BM, Gao B, Bose SK, McCord JM. Oxidative stress in health and disease: the therapeutic potential of Nrf2 activation. Molecular Aspects of Medicine Volume 32, Issues 4–6, Pages 234-246, August–December 2011
  33. Jomova K, Vondrakova D, Lawson M, Valko M. Metals, oxidative stress and neurodegenerative disorders. Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry Volume 345, Pages 91–104, 2010
  34. Christopher Benz, Christina Yau. Ageing, oxidative stress and cancer: paradigms in parallax. Nature Reviews Cancer Volume 8, Pages 875–879, 2008
  35. Valavanidis A, Vlahogianni T, Dassenakis M, Scoullos M. Molecular biomarkers of oxidative stress in aquatic organisms in relation to toxic environmental pollutants. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety Volume 64, Issue 2, Pages 178-189, June 2006
  36. Kelly KA, Havrilla CM, Brady TC, Abramo KH, Levin ED. Oxidative stress in toxicology: established mammalian and emerging piscine model systems. Environmental Health Perspectives Volume 106, Issue 7, Pages 375-384, July 1997
  37. Wells PG, Kim PM, Laposa RR, Nicol CJ, Parman T, Winn LM. Oxidative damage in chemical teratogenesis. Mutation Research Fundamental and Molecular Mechanisms of Mutagenesis Volume 396, Issues 1–2, Pages 65-78, 12 December 1997
  38. Islam MT. Radiation interactions with biological systems. International Journal of Radiation Biology Volume 93, Issue 5, Pages 487-493, 2017
  39. Yüksel M, Nazıroğlu M, Özkaya MO. Long-term exposure to electromagnetic radiation from mobile phones and Wi-Fi devices decreases plasma prolactin, progesterone, and estrogen levels but increases uterine oxidative stress in pregnant rats and their offspring. Endocrine Volume 52, Pages 352–362, 2016
  40. Ragy MM. Effect of exposure and withdrawal of 900-MHz-electromagnetic waves on brain, kidney and liver oxidative stress and some biochemical parameters in male rats. Electromagnetic Biology and Medicine Volume 34, Issue 4, Pages 279-284, 2015
  41. Narayanan, S. N.; Kumar, R. S.; Kedage, V; et al. Evaluation of oxidant stress and antioxidant defense in discrete brain regions of rats exposed to 900 MHz radiation. Bratislava Medical Journal Bratislavske Lekarske Listy Volume 115, Issue 5, Pages 206-266, 2014
  42. Manta AK, Stravopodis DJ, Papassideri IS, Margaritis LH. Reactive oxygen species elevation and recovery in Drosophila bodies and ovaries following short-term and long-term exposure to DECT base EMF. Electromagnetic Biology and Medicine Volume 33, Issue 2, Pages 118-131, 2014
  43. Shahin S, Mishra V, Singh SP, Chaturvedi CM. 2.45-GHz microwave irradiation adversely affects reproductive function in male mouse, Mus musculus by inducing oxidative and nitrosative stress. Free Radical Research Volume 48, Issue 5, Pages 511-525, 2014
  44. Aynali G, Nazıroğlu M, Çelik Ö, Doğan M, Yarıktaş M, Yasan H. Modulation of wireless (2.45 GHz)-induced oxidative toxicity in laryngotracheal mucosa of rat by melatonin. European Archives of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology Volume 270, Pages 1695–1700, 2013
  45. Salah MB, Abdelmelek H, Abderraba M. Effects of olive leave extract on metabolic disorders and oxidative stress induced by 2.45 GHz WIFI signals. Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology Volume 36, Issue 3, Pages 826-83, November 2013
  46. Bilgici B, Akar A, Avci B, Tuncel OK. Effect of 900 MHz radiofrequency radiation on oxidative stress in rat brain and serum. Electromagnetic Biology and Medicine Volume 32, Issue 1, Pages 20-29, 2013
  47. Kesari KK, Siddiqui MH, Meena R, Verma HN, Kumar S. Cell phone radiation exposure on brain and associated biological systems. Indian Journal of Experimental Biology Volume 51, Issue 3, Pages 187-200, March 2013
  48. Marjanović AM, Pavičić I, Trošić I. Biological indicators in response to radiofrequency/microwave exposure. Arhiv za Higijenu Rada i Toksikologiju Archives of Industrial Hygiene and Toxicology Volume 63, Issue 3, Pages 407-416, September 2012
  49. Aydin B, Akar A. Effects of a 900-MHz electromagnetic field on oxidative stress parameters in rat lymphoid organs, polymorphonuclear leukocytes and plasma. Archives of Medical Research Volume 42, Issue 4, Pages 261-26, May 2011
  50. Esmekaya MA, Ozer C, Seyhan N. 900 MHz pulse-modulated radiofrequency radiation induces oxidative stress on heart, lung, testis and liver tissues. General Physiology and Biophysics Volume 30, Issue 1, Pages 84–89, 2011
  51. Garaj-Vrhovac V, Gajski G, Pažanin S, Sarolić A, Domijan AM, Flajs D, Peraica M. Assessment of cytogenetic damage and oxidative stress in personnel occupationally exposed to the pulsed microwave radiation of marine radar equipment. International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health Volume 214, Issue 1, Pages 59-65, January 2011
  52. Iakimenko IL, Sidorik EP, Tsybulin AS. Metabolic changes in cells under electromagnetic radiation of mobile communication systems. Ukrainskii Biokhimicheskii Zhurnal Volume 83, Issue 2, Pages 20-28, 1999
  53. Kesari KK, Kumar S, Behari J. 900-MHz microwave radiation promotes oxidation in rat brain. Electromagnetic Biology and Medicine Volume 30, Issue 4, Pages 219-234, 2011
  54. Kesari KK, Behari J, Kumar S. Mutagenic response of 2.45 GHz radiation exposure on rat brain. International Journal of Radiation Biology Volume 86, Issue 4, Pages 334-343, 2010
  55. Kovacic P, Somanathan R. Electromagnetic fields: mechanism, cell signaling, other bioprocesses, toxicity, radicals, antioxidants and beneficial effects. Journal of Receptors and Signal Transduction Volume 30, Issue 4, Pages 214-226, 2010
  56. Nisarg R Desai, Kavindra K Kesari, Ashok Agarwal. Pathophysiology of cell phone radiation: oxidative stress and carcinogenesis with focus on male reproductive system. Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology Volume 7, Article Number 114, 2009
  57. Erdal N, Gürgül S, Tamer L, Ayaz L. Effects of long-term exposure of extremely low frequency magnetic field on oxidative/nitrosative stress in rat liver. Journal of Radiation Research Volume 49, Issue 2, Pages 181–187, March 2008
  58. Simkó M. Cell type specific redox status is responsible for diverse electromagnetic field effects. Current Medicinal Chemistry Volume 14, Issue 10, 2007
  59. Federica I. Wolf, AngelaTorsello, BeatriceTedesco, Silvia Fasanella, Alma Boninsegna, Marcello D'Ascenzo, Claudio Grassi, Gian Battista Azzena, Achille Cittadini. 50-Hz extremely low frequency electromagnetic fields enhance cell proliferation and DNA damage: possible involvement of a redox mechanism. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) – Molecular Cell Research Volume 1743, Issues 1–2, 22, Pages 120-129 March 2005
  60. Ernie Hood. EMFs and DNA effects: potential mechanism elucidated. Environmental Health Perspectives Volume 112, Issue 6, May 2004
  61. Qiu C, Fratiglioni L, Karp A, Winblad B, Bellander T. Occupational exposure to electromagnetic fields and risk of Alzheimer's disease. Epidemiology Volume 15, Issue 6, Pages 687-694, November 2004
  62. Sobel E, Davanipour Z. Electromagnetic field exposure may cause increased production of amyloid beta and eventually lead to Alzheimer's disease. Neurology Volume 47, Issue 6, 1996
  63. Guler G, Turkozer Z, Tomruk A, Seyhan N. The protective effects of N-acetyl-L-cysteine and epigallocatechin-3-gallate on electric field-induced hepatic oxidative stress. International Journal of Radiation Biology Volume 84, Issue 8, Pages 669-680, 2008
  64. Guney M, Ozguner F, Oral B, Karahan N, Mungan T. 900 MHz radiofrequency-induced histopathologic changes and oxidative stress in rat endometrium: protection by vitamins E and C. Toxicology and Industrial Health Volume 23, Issue 7, Pages 411-420, August 2007
  65. Oral B, Guney M, Ozguner F, Karahan N, Mungan T, Comlekci S, Cesur G. Endometrial apoptosis induced by a 900-MHz mobile phone: preventive effects of vitamins E and C. Advances in Therapy Volume 23, Pages 957–973, 2006
  66. Ozguner F, Bardak Y, Comlekci S. Protective effects of melatonin and caffeic acid phenethyl ester against retinal oxidative stress in long-term use of mobile phone: a comparative study. Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry Volume 282, Pages 83–88, 2006

Mobiliųjų telefonų spinduliuotės kancerogeniškumo tyrimai

  1. C.Fernández, A.A. de Salles, M.E.Sears, R.D.Morris, D.L.Davis. Absorption of wireless radiation in the child versus adult brain and eye from cell phone conversation or virtual reality. Environmental Research Volume 167, Pages 694-699, November 2018
  2. Bindhu Christopher, Y.Sheena Mary, Mayeen Uddin Khandaker, D.A.Bradley, M.T.Chew, P.J. Jojo. Effects of mobile phone radiation on certain hematological parameters. Radiation Physics and Chemistry Volume 166, Article number 108443, January 2020
  3. Quinn T. Ostrom, M.A., M.P.H., Haley Gittleman, M.S., Peter M. de Blank, M.D., M.S.C.E., Jonathan L. Finlay, M.B., Ch.B., F.R.C.P., James G. Gurney, Ph.D., Roberta McKean-Cowdin, Ph.D., Duncan S. Stearns et. al. American Brain Tumor Association Adolescent and Young Adult Primary Brain and Central Nervous System Tumors Diagnosed in the United States in 2008-2012. Neuro-Oncology Volume 18, Issue 1, Pages 1–50, January 2016
  4. Peter D. Inskip, Robert N. Hoover, Susan S. Devesa. Brain cancer incidence trends in relation to cellular telephone use in the United States. Neuro-Oncology Volume 12, Issue 11, Pages 1147-1151, November 2010
  5. lasdair Philips, Denis L. Henshaw, Graham Lamburn, and Michael J. O’Carroll. Brain Tumours: Rise in Glioblastoma Multiforme Incidence in England 1995–2015 Suggests an Adverse Environmental or Lifestyle Factor. Journal of Environmental and Public Health Volume 2018, Article Number 7910754, 2018
  6. Lennart Hardell, Michael Carlberg. Comments on the US National Toxicology Program technical reports on toxicology and carcinogenesis study in rats exposed to whole-body radiofrequency radiation at 900 MHz and in mice exposed to whole-body radiofrequency radiation at 1,900 MHz. International Journal of Oncology Volume 54, Issue 1, Pages 111-127, January 2019
  7. Ettore Beghi. Use of cell phones and brain tumors: a true association? Neurological Sciences Volume 38, Pages 713–714, 2017
  8. Carlberg M, Hardell L. Evaluation of Mobile Phone and Cordless Phone Use and Glioma Risk Using the Bradford Hill Viewpoints from 1965 on Association or Causation. Biomed Research International Volume 2017, Article number 9218486, March 2016
  9. Prasad M, Kathuria P, Nair P, Kumar A, Prasad K. Mobile phone use and risk of brain tumours: a systematic review of association between study quality, source of funding, and research outcomes. Neurological Sciences Volume 38, Pages 797–810, 2017
  10. Bortkiewicz A, Gadzicka E, Szymczak W. Mobile phone use and risk for intracranial tumors and salivary gland tumors – A meta-analysis. International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health Volume 30, Issue 1, Pages 27-43, February 2017
  11. Wang Y, Guo X. Meta-analysis of association between mobile phone use and glioma risk. Journal of Cancer Research and Therapeutics Volume 12, Issue 8, Page 298-300, 2016
  12. Morgan LL, Miller AB, Sasco A, Davis DL. Mobile phone radiation causes brain tumors and should be classified as a probable human carcinogen (2A) (review). International Journal of Oncology Volume 46, Issue 5, Pages 1865-1871, May 2015
  13. Levis AG, Minicuci N, Ricci P, Gennaro V, Garbisa S. Mobile phones and head tumours. The discrepancies in cause-effect relationships in the epidemiological studies – how do they arise? Environmental Health Volume 10, Article Number 59, 2011
  14. Khurana VG, Teo C, Kundi M, Hardell L, Carlberg M. Cell phones and brain tumors: a review including the long-term epidemiologic data. Surgical Neurology Volume 72, Issue 3, Pages 205-214, September 2009
  15. Myung SK, Ju W, McDonnell DD, Lee YJ, Kazinets G, Cheng CT, Moskowitz JM. Mobile phone use and risk of tumors: a meta-analysis. Journal of Clinical Oncology, Volume 27, Issue 33, Pages 5565-5572, November 20 2009
  16. Yang M, Guo W, Yang C, Tang J, Huang Q, Feng S, Jiang A, Xu X, Jiang G. Mobile phone use and glioma risk: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Plos One Volume 12, Issue 5, Article Number e0175136, May 2017
  17. Grell K, Frederiksen K, Schüz J, Cardis E, Armstrong B, Siemiatycki J, Krewski DR, McBride ML, Johansen C, Auvinen A, Hours M, Blettner M, Sadetzki S, Lagorio S, Yamaguchi N, Woodward A, Tynes T, Feychting M, Fleming SJ, Swerdlow AJ, Andersen PK. The Intracranial Distribution of Gliomas in Relation to Exposure From Mobile Phones: Analyses From the INTERPHONE Study. American Journal of Epidemiology Volume 184, Issue 11, December 2016
  18. Dolecek TA, Dressler EV, Thakkar JP, Liu M, Al-Qaisi A, Villano JL. Epidemiology of meningiomas post-Public Law 107-206: The Benign Brain Tumor Cancer Registries Amendment Act. Oncology Volume 121, Issue 14, Pages 2400-2410, July 2015
  19. Hardell L, Carlberg M. Increasing rates of brain tumours in the Swedish national inpatient register and the causes of death register. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health Volume 12, Issue 4, Pages 3793-3813, April 2015
  20. Lundy Day, Darren Lam, and Nathalie Jette. The worldwide incidence and prevalence of primary brain tumors: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Neuro-Oncology Volume 17, Issue 6, Pages 776-783, June 2015
  21. Carlberg M, Hardell L. Decreased survival of glioma patients with astrocytoma grade IV (glioblastoma multiforme) associated with long-term use of mobile and cordless phones. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health Volume 11, Issue 10, Pages 10790-10805, October 2014
  22. Coureau G, Bouvier G, Lebailly P, Fabbro-Peray P, Gruber A, Leffondre K, Guillamo JS, Loiseau H, Mathoulin-Pélissier S, Salamon R, Baldi I. Mobile phone use and brain tumours in the CERENAT case-control study. Occupational and Environmental Medicine Volume 71, Issue 7, Pages 514-522, July 2014
  23. Hardell L, Carlberg M, Söderqvist F, Mild KH. Case-control study of the association between malignant brain tumours diagnosed between 2007 and 2009 and mobile and cordless phone use. International Journal of Oncology Volume 43, Issue 6, 1833-1845, December 2013
  24. Hardell L, Carlberg M, Söderqvist F, Mild KH. Pooled analysis of case-control studies on acoustic neuroma diagnosed 1997-2003 and 2007-2009 and use of mobile and cordless phones. International Journal of Oncology Volume 43, Issue 4, Pages 1036-1044, October 2013
  25. Hardell L, Carlberg M. Use of mobile and cordless phones and survival of patients with glioma. Neuroepidemiology Volume 40, Issue 2, Pages 101-108, 2013
  26. Redmayne M. New Zealand adolescents cellphone and cordless phone user-habits: are they at increased risk of brain tumours already? A cross-sectional study. Environmental Health Volume 12, Issue 5, January 2013
  27. Söderqvist F, Carlberg M, Hardell L. Review of four publications on the Danish cohort study on mobile phone subscribers and risk of brain tumors. Reviews on Environmental Health Volume 27, Issue 1, Pages 51-58, 2012
  28. Aydin D1, Feychting M, Schüz J, Tynes T, Andersen TV, Schmidt LS, Poulsen AH, Johansen C, Prochazka M, Lannering B, Klæboe L, Eggen T, Jenni D, Grotzer M, Von der Weid N, Kuehni CE, Röösli M. Mobile phone use and brain tumors in children and adolescents: a multicenter case-control study. Journal of the National Cancer Institute Volume 103, Issue 16, Pages 1264–1276, 17 August 2011
  29. Cardis E, Armstrong BK, Bowman JD, Giles GG, Hours M, Krewski D, McBride M, Parent ME, Sadetzki S, Woodward A, Brown J, Chetrit A, Figuerola J, Hoffmann C, Jarus-Hakak A, Montestruq L, Nadon L, Richardson L, Villegas R, Vrijheid M. Risk of brain tumours in relation to estimated RF dose from mobile phones: results from five Interphone countries. Occupational and Environmental Medicine Volume 68, Issue 9, Pages 631-640, September 2011
  30. Hardell L, Carlberg M, Hansson Mild K. Pooled analysis of case-control studies on malignant brain tumours and the use of mobile and cordless phones including living and deceased subjects. International Journal of Oncology Volume 38, Issue 5, Pages 1465-1474, May 2011
  31. INTERPHONE Study Group. Acoustic neuroma risk in relation to mobile telephone use: results of the INTERPHONE international case-control study. Cancer Epidemiology Volume 35, Issue 5, Pages 453-464, October 2011
  32. INTERPHONE Study Group. Brain tumour risk in relation to mobile telephone use: results of the INTERPHONE international case-control study. International Journal of Epidemiology Volume 39, Issue 3, Pages 675-694, June 2010
  33. Kesari KK, Behari J, Kumar S. Mutagenic response of 2.45 GHz radiation exposure on rat brain. International Journal of Radiation Biology Volume 86, Issue 4, Pages 334-343, 2010
  34. Han YY, Kano H, Davis DL, Niranjan A, Lunsford LD. Cell phone use and acoustic neuroma: the need for standardized questionnaires and access to industry data. Surgical Neurology Volume 72, Issue 3, Pages 216-222, September 2009, 
  35. Hardell L, Carlberg M, Söderqvist F, Mild KH, Morgan LL. Long-term use of cellular phones and brain tumours: increased risk associated with use for > or =10 years. Occupational and Environmental Medicine Volume 64, Issue 9, Pages 626-632, September 2017
  36. Mild KH, Hardell L, Carlberg M. Pooled analysis of two Swedish case-control studies on the use of mobile and cordless telephones and the risk of brain tumours diagnosed during 1997-2003. International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics Volume 13, Issue 1, Pages 63-71, 2007
  37. Anke Huss, Matthias Egger, Kerstin Hug, Karin Huwiler-Müntener, Martin Röösli. Source of Funding and Results of Studies of Health Effects of Mobile Phone Use: Systematic Review of Experimental Studies. Environmental Health Perspectives Volume 115, Issue 1, Pages 1-4, January 2007
  38. Hardell L, Carlberg M, Hansson Mild K. Case-control study on cellular and cordless telephones and the risk for acoustic neuroma or meningioma in patients diagnosed 2000-2003. Neuroepidemiology Volume 25, Issue 3, Pages 120-128, 2005
  39. Hardell L, Mild KH, Carlberg M, Hallquist A. Cellular and cordless telephone use and the association with brain tumors in different age groups. Journal Archives of Environmental Health Volume 59, Issue 3, Pages 132-137, 2004
  40. Kundi M, Mild K, Hardell L, Mattsson MO. Mobile telephones and cancer–a review of epidemiological evidence. Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health, Part B Critical Reviews Volume 7, Issue 5, Pages 351-384, 2004 
  41. Henry Lai and Narendra P Singh. Magnetic-field-induced DNA strand breaks in brain cells of the rat. Environmental Health Perspectives Volume 112, Issue 6, Pages 687-694, May 2004
  42. Lönn S, Ahlbom A, Hall P, Feychting M. Mobile phone use and the risk of acoustic neuroma. Epidemiology Volume 15, Issue 6, Pages 653-659, November 2004
  43. Hardell L, Mild KH, Carlberg M. Further aspects on cellular and cordless telephones and brain tumours. International Journal of Oncology Volume 22, Issue 2, Pages 399-407, February 2003
  44. Hardell L, Hansson Mild K, Sandström M, Carlberg M, Hallquist A, Påhlson A. Vestibular schwannoma, tinnitus and cellular telephones. Neuroepidemiology Volume 22, Issue 2, Pages 124–129, 2003
  45. Hardell L, Hallquist A, Mild KH, Carlberg M, Påhlson A, Lilja A. Cellular and cordless telephones and the risk for brain tumours. European Journal of Cancer Prevention Volume 11, Issue 4, Pages 377-386, August 2002
  46. Richter ED, Berman T, Levy O. Brain cancer with induction periods of less than 10 years in young military radar workers. Archives of Environmental Health Volume 57, Issue 4, Pages 270-272, 2002
  47. Benson VS, Pirie K, Schüz J, Reeves GK, Beral V, Green J; Million Women Study Collaborators. Mobile phone use and risk of brain neoplasms and other cancers: prospective study. International Journal of Epidemiology Volume 42, Issue 3, Pages 792–802, June 2013
  48. Hardell L, Carlberg M, Hansson Mild K. Use of mobile phones and cordless phones is associated with increased risk for glioma and acoustic neuroma. Pathophysiology Volume 20, Issue 2, Pages 85-110, April 2013
  49. Moon IS, Kim BG, Kim J, Lee JD, Lee WS. Association between vestibular schwannomas and mobile phone use. Tumor Biology Volume 35, Issue 1, Pages 581–587, 2014
  50. Hardell L, Carlberg M. Mobile phones, cordless phones and the risk for brain tumours. International Journal of Oncology Volume 35, Issue 1, Pages 5-17, July 2009
  51. Hardell L, Mild KH, Carlberg M, Söderqvist F. Tumour risk associated with use of cellular telephones or cordless desktop telephones. World Journal of Surgical Oncology Volume 4, Issue 74, Article Number 74, 2006
  52. Schoemaker MJ, Swerdlow AJ, Ahlbom A, Auvinen A, Blaasaas KG, Cardis E, Christensen HC, Feychting M, Hepworth SJ, Johansen C, Klaeboe L, Lönn S, McKinney PA, Muir K, Raitanen J, Salminen T, Thomsen J, Tynes T. Mobile phone use and risk of acoustic neuroma: results of the Interphone case-control study in five North European countries. British Journal of Cancer Volume 93, Pages 842–848, 2005
  53. Lennart Hardell, Michael Carlberg. Mobile phones, cordless phones and rates of brain tumors in different age groups in the Swedish National Inpatient Register and the Swedish Cancer Register during 1998-2015. Plos One Volume 12, Issue 10, Article Number e0185461, October 2017
  54. Wiemels J, Wrensch M, Claus EB. Epidemiology and etiology of meningioma. Journal of Neuro-Oncology Volume 99, Issue 3, Pages 307–314, 2010
  55. Bondy M, Ligon BL. Epidemiology and etiology of intracranial meningiomas: a review. Journal of Neuro-Oncology Volume 29, Issue 3, Pages 197–205, 1996

Galimų elektromagnetinės spinduliuotės sukeltų pažeidimų ląsteliniame lygmenyje tyrimai

  1. Krishna Kishore. Effect of 1800-2100 MHz Electromagnetic Radiation on Learning-Memory and Hippocampal Morphology in Swiss Albino Mice. Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research Volume 13, Issue 2, Pages 14-17, February 2019
  2. Colin Pritcharda, Anne Silka, Lars Hansen. Are rises in Electro-Magnetic Field in the human environment, interacting with multiple environmental pollutions, the tipping point for increases in neurological deaths in the Western World? Medical Hypotheses Volume 127, Pages 76-83, June 2019, 
  3. Milena Foerster, Arno Thielens, Wout Joseph, Marloes Eeftens, Martin Röösli. A Prospective Cohort Study of Adolescents’ Memory Performance and Individual Brain Dose of Microwave Radiation from Wireless Communication. Environ Health Perspectives Volume 126, Issue 7, Article Number 077007, July 2018
  4. Karimi N, Bayat M, Haghani M, Saadi HF, Ghazipour GR. 2.45 GHz microwave radiation impairs learning, memory, and hippocampal synaptic plasticity in the rat. Toxicology and Industrial Health Volume 34, Issue 12, Pages 873-883, December 2018
  5. Narayanan SN, Mohapatra N, John P, K N, Kumar RS, Nayak SB, Bhat PG. Radiofrequency electromagnetic radiation exposure effects on amygdala morphology, place preference behavior and brain caspase-3 activity in rats. Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology Volume 58, Pages 220-229, March 2018, 
  6. Shahin S, Banerjee S, Swarup V, Singh SP, Chaturvedi CM. From the Cover: 2.45-GHz Microwave Radiation Impairs Hippocampal Learning and Spatial Memory: Involvement of Local Stress Mechanism-Induced Suppression of iGluR/ERK/CREB Signaling. Toxicological Sciences Volume 161, Issue 2, Pages 349–374, February 2018
  7. Birks L, Guxens M, Papadopoulou E, Alexander J, Ballester F et. al. Maternal cell phone use during pregnancy and child behavioral problems in five birth cohorts. Environment International Volume 104, Pages 122-131, July 2017
  8. Hassanshahi A, Shafeie SA, Fatemi I, Hassanshahi E, Allahtavakoli M, Shabani M, Roohbakhsh A, Shamsizadeh A. The effect of Wi-Fi electromagnetic waves in unimodal and multimodal object recognition tasks in male rats. Neurological Sciences Volume 38, Issue 6, Pages 1069–1076, 2017
  9. Ju Hwan Kim, Da-Hyeon Yu, Yang Hoon Huh, Eun Ho Lee, Hyung-Gun Kim, Hak Rim Kim. Long-term exposure to 835 MHz RF-EMF induces hyperactivity, autophagy and demyelination in the cortical neurons of mice. Scientific Reports Volume 7, Article Number 41129, 2017
  10. Othman H, Ammari M, Sakly M, Abdelmelek H. Effects of prenatal exposure to WIFI signal (2.45GHz) on postnatal development and behavior in rat: Influence of maternal restraint. Behavioural Brain Research Volume 326, Pages 291-302, 30 May 2017
  11. Papadopoulou E, Haugen M, Schjølberg S, Magnus P, Brunborg G, Vrijheid M, Alexander J. Maternal cell phone use in early pregnancy and child's language, communication and motor skills at 3 and 5 years: The Norwegian mother and child cohort study (MoBa). BMC Public Health Volume 17, Article Number 685, 2017
  12. Anna Schoeniab, Katharina Roserab, Martin Röösliab. Symptoms and the use of wireless communication devices: A prospective cohort study in Swiss adolescents. Environmental Research Volume 154, Pages 275-283, April 2017
  13. Tan S, Wang H, Xu X, Zhao L, Zhang J, Dong J, Yao B, Wang H, Zhou H, Gao Y, Peng R. Study on dose-dependent, frequency-dependent, and accumulative effects of 1.5 GHz and 2.856 GHz microwave on cognitive functions in Wistar rats. Scientific Reports Volume 7, Article Number 10781, 2017
  14. Wang K, Lu JM, Xing ZH, Zhao QR, Hu LQ, Xue L, Zhang J, Mei YA. Effect of 1.8 GHz radiofrequency electromagnetic radiation on novel object associative recognition memory in mice. Scientific Reports Volume 7, Article Number 44521, 2017
  15. Deshmukh PS, Megha K, Nasare N, Banerjee BD, Ahmed RS, Abegaonkar MP, Tripathi AK, Mediratta PK. Effect of Low Level Subchronic Microwave Radiation on Rat Brain. Biomedical and Environmental Sciences Volume 29, Issue 12, Pages 858-867, 2016
  16. Shehu A, Mohammed A, Magaji RA, Muhammad MS. Exposure to mobile phone electromagnetic field radiation, ringtone and vibration affects anxiety-like behaviour and oxidative stress biomarkers in albino wistar rats. Metabolic Brain Disease Volume 31, Issue 2, Pages 355–362, 2016
  17. Yeonghoon Son, Ye Ji Jeong, Jong Hwa Kwon, Hyung‐Do Choi, Jeong‐Ki Pack, Nam Kim, Yun‐Sil Lee, Hae‐June Lee. 1950 MHz radiofrequency electromagnetic fields do not aggravate memory deficits in 5xFAD mice. Bioelectromagnetics Volume 37, Issue 6, Pages 391-399, September 2016
  18. Zhou Z, Shan J, Zu J, Chen Z, Ma W, Li L, Xu J. Social behavioral testing and brain magnetic resonance imaging in chicks exposed to mobile phone radiation during development. BMC Neuroscience Volume 17, Issue 1, Article Number 36, 2016
  19. Deshmukh PS, Nasare N, Megha K, Banerjee BD, Ahmed RS, Singh D, Abegaonkar MP, Tripathi AK, Mediratta PK. Cognitive impairment and neurogenotoxic effects in rats exposed to low-intensity microwave radiation. International Journal of Toxicology Volume 34, Issue 3, Pages 284-290, 2015
  20. Narayanan SN, Kumar RS, Karun KM, Nayak SB, Bhat PG. Possible cause for altered spatial cognition of prepubescent rats exposed to chronic radiofrequency electromagnetic radiation. Metabolic Brain Disease Volume 30, Issue 5, Pages 1193–1206, 2015
  21. Shahin S, Banerjee S, Singh SP, Chaturvedi CM. 2.45 GHz Microwave Radiation Impairs Learning and Spatial Memory via Oxidative/Nitrosative Stress Induced p53-Dependent/Independent Hippocampal Apoptosis: Molecular Basis and Underlying Mechanism. Toxicological Sciences Volume 148, Issue 2, Pages 380–399, December 2015
  22. Zhang Y, Li Z, Gao Y, Zhang C. Effects of fetal microwave radiation exposure on offspring behavior in mice. Journal of Radiation Research Volume 56, Issue 2, Pages 261–268, March 2015
  23. Júnior LC, Guimarães Eda S, Musso CM, Stabler CT, Garcia RM, Mourão-Júnior CA, Andreazzi AE. Behavior and memory evaluation of Wistar rats exposed to 1·8 GHz radiofrequency electromagnetic radiation. Neurological Research Volume 36, Issue 9, 800-803, 2014 
  24. Klose M, Grote K, Spathmann O, Streckert J, Clemens M, Hansen VW, Lerchl A. Effects of early-onset radiofrequency electromagnetic field exposure (GSM 900 MHz) on behavior and memory in rats. Radiation Research Volume 182, Issue 4, Pages 435-447, 2014
  25. Deshmukh PS, Banerjee BD, Abegaonkar MP, Megha K, Ahmed RS, Tripathi AK, Mediratta PK. Effect of low level microwave radiation exposure on cognitive function and oxidative stress in rats. Indian Journal of Biochemistry & Biophysics Volume 50, Issue 2, Pages 114-119, April 2013
  26. Guxens M, van Eijsden M, Vermeulen R, Loomans E, Vrijkotte TG, Komhout H, van Strien RT, Huss A. Maternal cell phone and cordless phone use during pregnancy and behaviour problems in 5-year-old children. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health Volume 67, Issue 5, Pages 432-438, May 2013
  27. Hao D, Yang L, Chen S, Tong J, Tian Y, Su B, Wu S, Zeng Y. Effects of long-term electromagnetic field exposure on spatial learning and memory in rats. Neurological Sciences volume 34, Pages 157–164, 2013
  28. Narayanan SN, Kumar RS, Paval J, Kedage V, Bhat MS, Nayak S, Bhat PG. Analysis of emotionality and locomotion in radio-frequency electromagnetic radiation exposed rats. Neurological Sciences Volume 34, Pages 1117–1124, 2013
  29. Tamir S. Aldad, Geliang Gan, Xiao-Bing Gao & Hugh S. Taylor. Fetal Radiofrequency Radiation Exposure from 800-1900 Mhz-Rated Cellular Telephones Affects Neurodevelopment and Behavior in Mice. Scientific Reports Volume 2, Article Number 312, 2012
  30. Divan HA, Kheifets L, Obel C, Olsen J. Cell phone use and behavioural problems in young children. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health Volume 66, Issue 6, Pages 524-529, June 2012
  31. Fragopoulou AF, Samara A, Antonelou MH, Xanthopoulou A, Papadopoulou A, Vougas K, Koutsogiannopoulou E, Anastasiadou E, Stravopodis DJ, Tsangaris GT, Margaritis LH. Brain proteome response following whole body exposure of mice to mobile phone or wireless DECT base radiation. Electromagnetic Biology and Medicine Volume 31, Issue 4, Pages 250-274, 2012
  32. Thomas S, Benke G, Dimitriadis C, Inyang I, Sim MR, Wolfe R, Croft RJ, Abramson MJ. Use of mobile phones and changes in cognitive function in adolescents. Occupational and Environmental Medicine Volume 67, Issue 12, Pages 861-866, December 2010
  33. Abramson MJ, Benke GP, Dimitriadis C, Inyang IO, Sim MR, Wolfe RS, Croft RJ. Mobile telephone use is associated with changes in cognitive function in young adolescents. Bioelectromagnetics Volume 30, Issue 8, Pages 678-686, December 2009
  34. Narayanan SN, Kumar RS, Potu BK, Nayak S, Mailankot M. Spatial memory performance of Wistar rats exposed to mobile phone. Clinics Volume 64, Issue 3, Pages 231-234, March 2009
  35. Nittby H, Grafström G, Tian DP, Malmgren L, Brun A, Persson BR, Salford LG, Eberhardt J. Cognitive impairment in rats after long-term exposure to GSM-900 mobile phone radiation. Bioelectromagnetics Volume 29, Issue 3, Pages 219-232, April 2008
  36. Sinha RK. Chronic non-thermal exposure of modulated 2450 MHz microwave radiation alters thyroid hormones and behavior of male rats. International Journal of Radiation Biology Volume 84, Issue 6, Pages 505-513, 2008- 
  37. H-P Hutter, H Moshammer, P Wallner, M Kundi. Subjective symptoms, sleeping problems, and cognitive performance in subjects living near mobile phone base stations. Occupational and Environmental Medicine Volume 63, Issue 5, Pages 307-313, May 2006
  38. Kheifets L, Repacholi M, Saunders R, van Deventer E. The sensitivity of children to electromagnetic fields. Pediatrics Volume 116, Issue 2, Pages E303-E313, August 2005
  39. Lai H. Interaction of microwaves and a temporally incoherent magnetic field on spatial learning in the rat. Physiology & Behavior Volume 82, Issue 5, Pages 785-789, 15 October 2004
  40. Wang B, Lai H. Acute exposure to pulsed 2450-MHz microwaves affects water-maze performance of rats. Bioelectromagnetics Volume 21, Issue 1, Pages 52-56, January 2000
  41. Kolodynski AA, Kolodynska VV. Motor and psychological functions of school children living in the area of the Skrunda Radio Location Station in Latvia. Science of The Total Environment Volume 180, Issue 1, Pages 87-93, 2 February 1996
  42. D'Andrea JA. Microwave radiation absorption: behavioral effects. Health Physics Volume 61, Issue 1, Pages 29-40, July 1991
  43. D'Andrea JA, DeWitt JR, Portuguez LM, Gandhi OP. Reduced exposure to microwave radiation by rats: frequency specific effects. Progress in Clinical and Biological Research Volume 257, Pages 289-308, 1988
  44. Wilson BW. Chronic exposure to ELF fields may induce depression. Bioelectromagnetics Volume 9, Issue 2, Pages 195-205, 1988
  45. DeWitt JR, D'Andrea JA, Emmerson RY, Gandhi OP. Behavioral effects of chronic exposure to 0.5 mW/cm2 of 2,450-MHz microwaves. Bioelectromagnetics Volume 8, Issue 2, Pages 149-157, 1987
  46. De-Sola J, Talledo H, Rodríguez de Fonseca F, Rubio G. Prevalence of problematic cell phone use in an adult population in Spain as assessed by the Mobile Phone Problem Use Scale (MPPUS). Plos One Volume 12, Issue 8, Article Number e0181184, August 2017
  47. Kim R, Lee KJ, Choi YJ. Mobile Phone Overuse Among Elementary School Students in Korea: Factors Associated with Mobile Phone Use as a Behavior Addiction. Journal of Addictions Nursing Volume 26, Issue 2, Pages 81-85, 2015
  48. Conklin HM, Luciana M, Hooper CJ, Yarger RS. Working memory performance in typically developing children and adolescents: behavioral evidence of protracted frontal lobe development. Developmental Neuropsychology Volume 31, Issue 1, Pages 103-128, 2007
  49. Luciana M, Conklin HM, Hooper CJ, Yarger RS. The development of nonverbal working memory and executive control processes in adolescents. Developmental Neuropsychology Volume 31, Issue 1, Pages 103-128, 2007
  50. Schüz J. Mobile phone use and exposures in children. Bioelectromagnetics Supplement 7, Pages S45-S50, 2005
  51. Santini R, Santini P, Danze JM, Le Ruz P, Seigne M. Symptoms experienced by people in vicinity of base stations: II/ Incidences of age, duration of exposure, location of subjects in relation to the antennas and other electromagnetic factors. Pathologie Biologie Volume 51, Issue 7, Pages 412-415, September 2003
  52. Melina R. Uncapher, Lin Lin, Larry D. Rosen, Heather L. Kirkorian, Naomi S. Baron, Kira Bailey, Joanne Cantor, David L. Strayer, Thomas D. Parsons and Anthony D. Wagner. Media Multitasking and Cognitive, Psychological, Neural, and Learning Differences. Pediatrics Volume 140, Supplement 2, Pages S62-S66, November 2017
  53. Yalda T. Uhls, Nicole B. Ellison and Kaveri Subrahmanyam. Benefits and Costs of Social Media in Adolescence. Pediatrics Volume 140, Supplement 2, S67-S70, November 2017
  54. Carrie James, Katie Davis, Linda Charmaraman, Sara Konrath, Petr Slovak, Emily Weinstein and Lana Yarosh. Digital Life and Youth Well-being, Social Connectedness, Empathy, and Narcissism. Pediatrics Volume 140, Supplement 2, S71-S75, November 2017
  55. Elizabeth Hoge, David Bickham and Joanne Cantor. Digital Media, Anxiety, and Depression in Children. Pediatrics Volume 140, Supplement 2, S76-S80, November 2017
  56. Douglas A. Gentile, Kira Bailey, Daphne Bavelier, Jeanne Funk Brockmyer, Hilarie Cash, Sarah M. Coyne, Andrew Doan, Donald S. Grant, C. Shawn Green, Mark Griffiths, Tracy Markle, Nancy M. Petry, Sara Prot, Cosette D. Rae, Florian Rehbein, Michael Rich, Da. Internet Gaming Disorder in Children and Adolescents. Pediatrics Volume 140, Supplement 2, S81-S85, November 2017
  57. Thomas D. Parsons, Giuseppe Riva, Sarah Parsons, Fabrizia Mantovani, Nigel Newbutt, Lin Lin, Eva Venturini and Trevor Hall. Virtual Reality in Pediatric Psychology. Pediatrics Volume 140, Supplement 2, S86-S91, November 2017
  58. Monique K. LeBourgeois, Lauren Hale, Anne-Marie Chang, Lameese D. Akacem, Hawley E. Montgomery-Downs and Orfeu M. Buxton. Digital Media and Sleep in Childhood and Adolescence. Pediatrics Volume 140, Supplement 2, S92-S96, November 2017
  59. Thomas N. Robinson, Jorge A. Banda, Lauren Hale, Amy Shirong Lu, Frances Fleming-Milici, Sandra L. Calvert and Ellen Wartella. Screen Media Exposure and Obesity in Children and Adolescents. Pediatrics Volume 140, Supplement 2, S97-S101, November 2017
  60. Dan Romer and Megan Moreno. Digital Media and Risks for Adolescent Substance Abuse and Problematic Gambling. Pediatrics Volume 140, Supplement 2, S102-S106, November 2017
  61. Paul Atchley and David L. Strayer. Small Screen Use and Driving Safety. Pediatrics Volume 140, Supplement 2, S107-S111, November 2017
  62. Sarah M. Coyne, Jenny Radesky, Kevin M. Collier, Douglas A. Gentile, Jennifer Ruh Linder, Amy I. Nathanson, Eric E. Rasmussen, Stephanie M. Reich and Jean Rogers. Parenting and Digital Media. Pediatrics Volume 140, Supplement 2, S112-S116, November 2017
  63. Kathryn C. Montgomery, Jeff Chester and Tijana Milosevic. Children’s Privacy in the Big Data Era: Research Opportunities. Pediatrics Volume 140, Supplement 2, S117-S121, November 2017
  64. Kristen Hawley Turner, Tessa Jolls, Michelle Schira Hagerman, William O’Byrne, Troy Hicks, Bobbie Eisenstock and Kristine E. Pytash. Developing Digital and Media Literacies in Children and Adolescents. Pediatrics Volume 140, Supplement 2, S122-S126, November 2017
  65. Ellen Middaugh, Lynn Schofield Clark and Parissa J. Ballard. Digital Media, Participatory Politics, and Positive Youth Development. Pediatrics Volume 140, Supplement 2, S127-S131, November 2017\\
  66. Vikki S. Katz, Carmen Gonzalez and Kevin Clark. Digital Inequality and Developmental Trajectories of Low-income, Immigrant, and Minority Children. Pediatrics Volume 140, Supplement 2, S132-S136, November 2017
  67. Sonia Livingstone, Dafna Lemish, Sun Sun Lim, Monica Bulger, Patricio Cabello, Magdalena Claro, Tania Cabello-Hutt, Joe Khalil, Kristiina Kumpulainen, Usha S. Nayar, Priya Nayar, Jonghwi Park, Maria Melizza Tan, Jeanne Prinsloo and Bu Wei. Global Perspectives on Children’s Digital Opportunities: An Emerging Research and Policy Agenda. Pediatrics Volume 140, Supplement 2, S137-S141, November 2017
  68. Craig A. Anderson, Brad J. Bushman, Bruce D. Bartholow, Joanne Cantor, Dimitri Christakis, Sarah M. Coyne, Edward Donnerstein, Jeanne Funk Brockmyer, Douglas A. Gentile, C. Shawn Green, Rowell Huesmann, Tom Hummer, Barbara Krahé, Victor C. Strasburger, W. Screen Violence and Youth Behavior. Pediatrics Volume 140, Supplement 2, S142-S147, November 2017
  69. Elizabeth Englander, Edward Donnerstein, Robin Kowalski, Carolyn A. Lin and Katalin Parti. Defining Cyberbullying. Pediatrics Volume 140, Supplement 2, S148-S151, November 2017
  70. Matthew A. Lapierre, Frances Fleming-Milici, Esther Rozendaal, Anna R. McAlister and Jessica Castonguay. The Effect of Advertising on Children and Adolescents. Pediatrics Volume 140, Supplement 2, S152-S156, November 2017
  71. Karen E. Dill-Shackleford, Srividya Ramasubramanian, Elizabeth Behm-Morawitz, Erica Scharrer, Melinda C.R. Burgess and Dafna Lemish. Social Group Stories in the Media and Child Development. Pediatrics Volume 140, Supplement 2, S157-S161, November 2017
  72. Rebecca L. Collins, Victor C. Strasburger, Jane D. Brown, Edward Donnerstein, Amanda Lenhart and L. Monique Ward. Sexual Media and Childhood Well-being and Health. Pediatrics Volume 140, Supplement 2, S162-S166, November 2017

 

 

Neigiamo radijo dažnių spinduliuotės poveikio širdžiai tyrimai

  1. Türedi S, Hancı H, Topal Z, Ünal D, Mercantepe T, Bozkurt İ, Kaya H, Odacı E. The effects of prenatal exposure to a 900-MHz electromagnetic field on the 21-day-old male rat heart. Electromagnetic Biology and Medicine, Volume 34, Issue 4, Pages 390-397, 2015
  2. Vernon ST, Coffey S, Bhindi R, Soo Hoo SY, Nelson GI, Ward MR, Hansen PS, Asrress KN, Chow CK, Celermajer DS, O'Sullivan JF, Figtree GA. Increasing proportion of ST elevation myocardial infarction patients with coronary atherosclerosis poorly explained by standard modifiable risk factors. European Journal of Preventive Cardiology, Volume 24, Issue 17, 2017.
  3. Priyanka Bandara, Steven Weller. Cardiovascular disease: Time to identify emerging environmental risk factors. European Journal of Preventive Cardiology, Vol 24, Issue 17, 2017.
  4. Ekici B, Tanındı A, Ekici G, Diker E. The effects of the duration of mobile phone use on heart rate variability parameters in healthy subjects. The Anatolian Journal of Cardiology, Volume 16, Issue 11, Pages 833-838, 2016.
  5. Linda Saili, Amel Hanini, Chiraz Smirani, Ines Azzouz, Amina Azzouz, Mohsen Sakly, Hafedh Abdelmelek, Zihad Bouslama. Effects of acute exposure to WIFI signals (2.45 GHz) on heart variability and blood pressure in Albinos rabbit. Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology, Volume 40, Issue 2, Pages 600-605, 2015.
  6. Bortkiewicz A, Gadzicka E, Szymczak W, Zmyślony M. Heart rate variability (HRV) analysis in radio and TV broadcasting stations workers. International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health, Volume 25, Issue 4, Pages 446-55, 2012.
  7.  Kismali G, Ozgur E, Guler G, Akcay A, Sel T, Seyhan N. The influence of 1800 MHz GSM-like signals on blood chemistry and oxidative stress in non-pregnant and pregnant rabbits. International Journal of Radiation Biology Volume 88, Issue 5, Pages 414-9, 2012
  8. Andrzejak R, Poreba R, Poreba M, Derkacz A, Skalik R, Gac P, Beck B, Steinmetz-Beck A, Pilecki W. The influence of the call with a mobile phone on heart rate variability parameters in healthy volunteers. Industrial Health Volume 46, Issue 4, Pages 409-417, 2008
  9. Bellieni CV, Acampa M, Maffei M, Maffei S, Perrone S, Pinto I, Stacchini N, Buonocore G. Electromagnetic fields produced by incubators influence heart rate variability in newborns. Archives of Disease in Childhood-Fetal and Neonatal Edition, Volume 93, Issue 4, Pages F298-301, 2008
  10. Vangelova K, Deyanov C, Israel M. Cardiovascular risk in operators under radiofrequency electromagnetic radiation. International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health Volume 209, Issue 2, Pages 133-138, 2006
  11. Ozguner F, Altinbas A, Ozaydin M, Dogan A, Vural H, Kisioglu AN, Cesur G, Yildirim NG. Mobile phone-induced myocardial oxidative stress: protection by a novel antioxidant agent caffeic acid phenethyl ester. Toxicology and Industrial Health Volume 21, Issue 9, Pages 223-30, 2005
  12. Andrew A. Grace, A.John Camm. Voltage-gated calcium-channels and antiarrhythmic drug action. Cardiovascular Research Volume 45, Issue 1, Pages 43–51, 2000
  13. Braune S, Wrocklage C, Raczek J, Gailus T, Lücking CH. Resting blood pressure increase during exposure to a radio-frequency electromagnetic field. The Lancet Volume 351, Issue 9119, Pages 1857-1858, 1998
  14. Szmigielski S, Bortkiewicz A, Gadzicka E, Zmyslony M, Kubacki R.. Alteration of diurnal rhythms of blood pressure and heart rate to workers exposed to radiofrequency electromagnetic field. Blood Pressure Monitoring Volume 3, Issue 6, Pages 323-30, 1998
  15. Bortkiewicz A, Zmyślony M, Gadzicka E, Pałczyński C, Szmigielski S. Ambulatory ECG monitoring in workers exposed to electromagnetic fields. Journal of Medical Engineering & Technology Volume 21, Issue 2, Pages 41-6, 1997
  16. Gadzicka E, Bortkiewicz A, Zmyślony M, Pałczyński C. Evaluation of selected functional circulation parameters of workers from various occupational groups exposed to electromagnetic fields of high frequency. III. 24-h monitoring of arterial blood pressure (ABP). Medycyna Pracy Volume 48, Issue 1, Pages 15-24, 1997
  17. Bortkiewicz A, Zmyślony M, Gadzicka E, Szymczak W. Evaluation of selected parameters of circulatory system function in various occupational groups exposed to high frequency electromagnetic fields. II. Electrocardiographic changes. Medycyna Pracy Volume 47, Issue 3, Pages 241-52, 1996
  18. Harold J. Cook, Nicholas H. Steneck, Arthur J. Vander, Gordon L. Kane. Early research on the biological effects of microwave radiation: 1940–1960. Annals of Science Volume 37, Issue 3, Pages 323-51, 1980

Neigiamos mobiliojo ryšio spinduliuotės įtakos vabzdžiams ir paukščiams tyrimai

  1. Mishenko AA, Malinin OA, Rashkovan VM, Basteev AV, Bazyma LA, Mazalov YuP, Kutovoy VA. Complex high-frequency technology for protection of grain against pests. Journal of Microwave Power and Electromagnetic Energy Volume 35, Issue 3, Pages 179-84, 2000.
  2. Svenja Engels, Nils-Lasse Schneider, Nele Lefeldt, Christine Maira Hein, Manuela Zapka, Andreas Michalik, Dana Elbers, Achim Kittel, P. J. Hore & Henrik Mouritsen. Anthropogenic electromagnetic noise disrupts magnetic compass orientation in a migratory bird. Nature Volume 509, Issue 7500, pages 353-356; May 2014
  3. Arno Thielens, Duncan Bell, David B. Mortimore, Mark K. Greco, Luc Martens & Wout Joseph . Exposure of Insects to Radio-Frequency Electromagnetic Fields from 2 to 120 GHz. Scientific reports Volume 8, Article number 3924, 2018
  4. Geveke DJ, Brunkhorst C. Inactivation of Saccharomyces cerevisiae with radio frequency electric fields. Journal of Food Protection Volume 66, Issue 9, pages 1712-1715, September 2013
  5. Shao-jin Wang, Ju-ming Tang. Radio frequency heating: a potential method for post-harvest pest control in nuts and dry products. Journal of Microwave Power and Electromagnetic Energy Volume 43, Issue 4, Pages 17-27, 2008
  6. Ponomaryova IA, Niño de Rivera y Oyarzabal L, Ruíz Sánchez E. Interaction of Radio-Frequency, High-Strength Electric Fields with Harmful Insects. Journal of Microwave Power and Electromagnetic Energy Volume 43, Issue 4, Pages 17-27, 2008
  7. Deep N. Yadav, Tanupriya Anand, Monika Sharma, R. K. Gupta. Microwave technology for disinfestation of cereals and pulses: An overviewJournal of Food Science and Technology-Mysore Volume 51, Issue 12, Pages 3568–3576, December 2014
  8. Geveke DJ, Gurtler J, Zhang HQ. Inactivation of Lactobacillus plantarum in apple cider, using radio frequency electric fields. Journal of Food Protection Volume 72 Issue 3, Pages 656-661, March 2009
  9. Bigu-del-Blanco J, Romero-Sierra C. The properties of bird feathers as converse piezoelectric transducers and as receptors of microwave radiation. I. Bird feathers as converse piezoelectric transducers. Biotelemetry Volume 2, Issue 6, Pages 341-353, 1975
  10. Hamish G. Hiscock, Henrik Mouritsen, David E. Manolopoulos, P. J. Hore. Disruption of Magnetic Compass Orientation in Migratory Birdsby Radiofrequency Electromagnetic Fields. Biophysical Journal Volume 113, Issue 7, Pages 1475-1484, October 2017
  11. Niki E. Sagioglou , Areti K. Manta, Ioannis K. Giannarakis, Aikaterini S. Skouroliakou, Lukas H. Margaritis. Apoptotic Cell Death During Drosophila Oogenesis Is Differentially Increased by Electromagnetic Radiation Depending on Modulation, Intensity and Duration of Exposure. Electromagnetic Biology and Medicine Volume 35, Issue 1, Pages 40-53, 2016
  12. K. Tomanova, M. Vacha. The Magnetic Orientation of the Antarctic Amphipod Gondogeneia Antarctica Is Cancelled by Very Weak Radiofrequency Fields. Journal of Experimental Biology Volume 219, Issue 11, Pages 1717-1724, June 2016
  13. Cornelia Waldmann-Selsam, Alfonso Balmori-de la Puente, Helmut Breunig, Alfonso Balmori. Radiofrequency radiation injures trees around mobile phone base stations. Science of The Total Environment Volume 572, Pages 554-569, December 2016
  14. Adam J.Vanbergenae, Simon G.Potts, Alain Vian, E. Pascal Malkemper, Juliette Young, ThomasTscheulin. Risk to pollinators from anthropogenic electro-magnetic radiation (EMR): Evidence and knowledge gaps. Science of The Total Environment Volume 695, Article number 133833, 10 December 2019

 

 

 

 

Neigiamos elektromagnetinės spinduliuotės įtakos gamtai tyrimai

  1. S. Cucurachia, W. L. M. Tamisa,  M. G. Vijver, W. J. G. M. Peijnenburga, J. F. B. Bolte, G. R. de Snoo. A review of the ecological effects of radiofrequency electromagnetic fields (RF-EMF). Environment International Volume 51, Pages 116-140, January 2013
  2. Alexandre Grémiaux, Sébastien Girard, Vincent Guérin, Jérémy Lothier, František Baluška, Eric Davies, Pierre Bonnet, Alain Vian. Low-amplitude, high-frequency electromagnetic field exposure causes delayed and reduced growth in Rosa hybrid. Journal of Plant Physiology, Volume 190, Pages 44-53 January 2016 
  3. Malka N Halgamuge. Review: Weak radiofrequency radiation exposure from mobile phone radiation on plants. Electromagnetic Biology and Medicine, Volume 36, Issue 2, Pages 213-235, 2017
  4. M. Hässig, F. Jud, B. Spiess. Increased occurrence of nuclear cataract in the calf after erection of a mobile phone base station. Schweizer archiv fur Tierheilkunde Volume 154, Issue 2, pages 82 – 86, February 2012 
  5. Michael Hässig, F. Jud, H. Naegeli, J. Kupper, B. M. Spiess. Prevalence of nuclear cataract in Swiss veal calves and its possible association with mobile telephone antenna base stations. Schweizer archiv fur Tierheilkunde Volume 151, Issue 10, Pages 471-478, October 2009 
  6. Landler, Lukas; Painter, Michael S.; Youmans, Paul W. Spontaneous Magnetic Alignment by Yearling Snapping Turtles: Rapid Association of Radio Frequency Dependent Pattern of Magnetic Input with Novel Surroundings. PLoS One Volume 10, Issue 5, May 2015
  7. Malkemper, EP, Begall, S. Phillips, John B. Winklhofer, M. Hart, V. Burda, H. Magnetoreception in the wood mouse (Apodemus sylvaticus): influence of weak frequency-modulated radio frequency fields. Scientific reports Volume 5, ‏Article Number 9917, April 2015
  8. Mina Despoina; Sagonas, Kostas; Fragopoulou, Adamantia F. Immune responses of a wall lizard to whole-body exposure to radiofrequency electromagnetic radiationInternational Journal of Radiation Biology Volume 92, Issue 3, Pages 162-198, March 2016
  1. Dimitris J. Panagopoulos, Evangelia D. Chavdoula, Lukas H. Margaritis. Bioeffects of Mobile Telephony Radiation in Relation to Its Intensity or Distance From the Antenna. International Journal of Radiation Biology Volume 86, Issue 5, Pages 345-357, 2010 May
  2. Dimitris J. Panagopoulos, Karabarbounis A, Lukas H. Margaritis. Effect of GSM 900-MHz mobile phone radiation on the reproductive capacity of Drosophila melanogaster. Electromagnetic Biology and Medicine Volume 23, 2004 – Issue 1, Pages 29-43, July 2004
  3. Dimitris J Panagopoulos, Lukas H. Margaritis. The Effect of Exposure Duration on the Biological Activity of Mobile Telephony Radiation. Mutation Research Volume 699, Issues 1–2, 17, Pages 17-22, June 2010
  4. Krzysztof Pawlak, Andrzej Sechman, Zenon Nieckarz. Plasma Thyroid Hormones and Corticosterone Levels in Blood of Chicken Embryos and Post Hatch Chickens Exposed During Incubation to 1800 MHz Electromagnetic Field. International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health Volume 27, Issue 1, Pages 114-122, January 2014
  5. Sadaf Tabasum Qureshi, Sajjad Ahmed Memon, Abdul Rasool Abassi, Mahboob Ali Sial, Farooque Ali Bughio. Radiofrequency Radiations Induced Genotoxic and Carcinogenic Effects on Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) Root Tip Cells. Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences Volume 24, Issue 4, Pages 883-891, May 2017
  6. Susanne Schwarze , Nils-Lasse Schneider , Thomas Reichl, David Dreyer, Nele Lefeldt, Svenja Engels, Neville Baker, P J Hore, Henrik Mouritsen. Weak Broadband Electromagnetic Fields Are More Disruptive to Magnetic Compass Orientation in a Night-Migratory Songbird (Erithacus Rubecula) Than Strong Narrow-Band Fields. Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience Volume 10, Issue 55, March 2016
  7. Ved Parkash Sharma and Neelima R. Kumar. Changes in honeybee behaviour and biology under the influence of cellphone radiations. Current Science Volume 98, Issue 10, Pages 1376-1378, May 2010
  8. Maria-Loredana Soran, Manuela Stan, Ülo Niinemets, Lucian Copolovici. Influence of Microwave Frequency Electromagnetic Radiation on Terpene Emission and Content in Aromatic Plants. Journal of Plant Physiology Volume 171, Issue 15, Pages 1436-1443, September 2014
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